1000 is one of the most popular Russian card games and it is well-known throughout other eastern European countries, such as Belarus, Ukraine, Kasachstan, and Lithuania. The game is based on another game called Mariage, which is the French word for marriage. It refers to pairs consisting of two cards (Queen and King) of the same suit. Everything depends on the accuracy of a player's bidding and cleverness of his/her gameplay.
There are many differences in the rules of play between (and within) countries.
There are three active players. A 24-card pack is used (which includes "9", "10", "Jack", "Queen", "King" and "Ace" cards). 1000 is a point-trick game: the aim is to win tricks containing valuable cards; there are just six cards in each of the suits – Hearts, Diamonds, Clubs and Spades – and their ranking from high to low and their point values are as follows:
There are therefore 120 card points in the pack altogether and a player who holds both the king and the queen of a suit (a pair or marriage) can obtain additional points by declaring them as follows:
|King and Queen of Hearts||100 points|
|King and Queen of Diamonds||80 points|
|King and Queen of Clubs||60 points|
|King and Queen of Spades||40 points|
The deal, bidding and play are clockwise. The first dealer is chosen at random and the turn to deal passes to the left after each hand. The cards are dealt one at a time: seven cards to each of the three active players and three cards face down to the center of the table. These three cards are known as the "talon".
The bids are numbers: the lowest bid is 100 and all bids must be multiples of 5, so the possible bids are 100, 105, 110, 115, 120, etc. The highest bidder undertakes to win at least this number of points from cards in tricks plus declarations. The player to the dealer's left bids first and must bid at least 100. The bidding continues clockwise and each player must either bid higher than the previous bid or pass. A player who has passed cannot bid again. The bidding continues for as many rounds as necessary until two players have passed. The final bidder becomes the talon winner.
Since there are only 120 card points, higher bids can only be fulfilled by declaring king-queen pairs called "marriage". Players are not allowed to bid more than 120 unless they have at least one marriage on hands.
Talon winner exposes the three talon cards for all to see and adds them to his hand. He then gives away any two unwanted cards from his hand, passing one unwanted card to each opponent, so that each player has eight cards.
At this point the talon winner is allowed to increase the bid to any higher multiple of 5, or to leave it as it is.
The talon winner leads to the first trick, and the winner of each trick leads to the next. Initially there are no trumps, but if the winner of a trick holds the king and queen of a suit, he may announce them and lead the king or queen to the next trick. The suit of the king-queen immediately becomes trumps, and remains so until another pair is announced or until the end of the play if there are no further announcements.
Players must always follow suit if possible. When there are no trumps, a player who is unable to follow suit may play any card. A trick is won by the highest trump played to it, or, if it contains no trump, by the highest card of the suit led.
Announcements of marriage may cause the trump suit to change several times during the play. It is even possible for each of the four suits to be trumps in turn. However, the following restrictions should be noted:
The marriage is announced automatically when the first card (king or queen) is played.
Each of the three players adds up the card points in their own tricks and adds the value of any marriages they announced. The values of the cards and the various marriages are given above.
Each player's score starts at zero and the goal is to reach a cumulative score of 1000 points or more.
If the talon winner's points total is at least as much as the bid, the bid is added to the talon winner's cumulative score. If not, the bid is subtracted from the talon winner's cumulative score.
Example: the talon winner won the bidding at 130, and after exchanging the talon increased the bid to 160. If the talon winner takes 215 points including announcements, he will add 160 to his cumulative score; if he takes 155 points including announcements, he will subtract 160 points from his cumulative score.
Irrespective of whether the talon winner's bid was successful or not, each of the other players rounds the point value of their tricks and announcements to the nearest 5, and adds the result to his or her cumulative score.
It is not possible to have a cumulative score between 880 and 1000. If a player whose score was previously below 880 scores enough points to take it to 880 or more (but less than 1000), the player's score becomes 880 and a symbol of barrel is drawn (to show that the player is "on the barrel"). If you are on the barrel, you have three chances to become the talon winner and to get a score of at least 120 points on a hand to win the game. You cannot stay on the barrel for more than three consecutive hands – if you fail to win on the third hand, you fall off the barrel and lose 120 points. So the possibilities for a player on a barrel are as follows:
It is not possible to win without first being on the barrel.
If an opponent of the bidder takes no points at all in tricks, a zero ("bolt") is marked in the player's score column. If you score zero on three occasions, not necessarily consecutive, then 120 points are subtracted from your score.
Hands played while you are on the barrel do not count towards your allowance of zero scores, even if you take no tricks.
If as talon winner, having seen the talon, you decide that you have little chance of making your bid, you can avoid losing points by declaring a distribution. The cards are not played, but icon of a bolt is entered in your column of the score sheet. Each of the opponents scores a half of the bid points.
You are not allowed to declare a distribution while you are on the barrel.
There are lots of agreements in the game. The Thousand agreements can completely change the gameplay.
The restriction agreements are about rules which may affect the basics of the gameplay.
The penalty agreements are all about special penalty rules; these will generally affect the game scoring.
Golden Round is a special game mode which lets the player to get the maximum score from the beginning of the game. Each player takes the talon without bidding. The scores are doubling at the end of the round. Each player has to play a round within the Golden Round. If nobody wins, the round has to be restarted; if anyone gets the score bidden, the next round will be started normally (without score doubling).
Hidden round is a special mode which allows getting double points. Only the player who's making the first trade bid (100) is allowed to play the hidden round. When the player declares the hidden round, he takes the talon without seeing his own cards. The player who declares the hidden round has to get at least 120 points or more; the points will be doubled at the end of the round.
The Dealer, John, deals the cards. Jane, sitting to his right, is the de facto Leader. Jane has the ace and ten of spades, and the King and Queen of hearts, meaning she knows she has a guaranteed 120 points. Jake has the Queen of diamonds and the Jack of hearts, plus most of the other diamonds, so he decides to take a chance that the King of diamonds is in the Talon and bids 110. Jane raises the bid to 120. Jake is not willing to risk it all, so he passes, and Jane is the Leader. She reveals the Talon and takes it (Jake breathes a sigh of relief when the King doesn't show).
Not wanting to provide them with any points, Jane gives John the nine of diamonds, and Jake the nine of spades. She then places her final bet, 120, and the round begins with the ten of spades. She wins that set, and the next with the ace of spades, giving her a minimum of twenty points. Having no more aces, she places the Queen of hearts down, announcing the 100 point Marriage. John wins that set with the ace of hearts, but Jane has already won her 120 points. Nevertheless, the round continues.
John places the ten of hearts, forcing Jane to place her King of hearts. She can no longer gain control of the round, meaning she cannot prevent John or Jake from gaining points, but at least she met her bid. John then places the ace of clubs, and Jake takes control by placing the nine of hearts. Knowing that John still has the Jack of hearts (John should have placed it, but he forgot about the nine and was a fool), Jake only places a Jack, in the hopes that he can regain control somehow and use his arsenal of diamonds. However, John retains control for the rest of the round.
Now we total the points. Jane has a little more than 130 with her Marriage, the ace and ten, and whatever cards went with that, but she still can only get 120.
Thousand Card game is available for download via Google Play market.
You may also download the APK file directly from this website and install it on your website manually. Do do this, you will need to allow installation of apps from unknown sources.
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